Who's Who in the Book of Mormon?

Book of Mormon names. Choose a letter:


Aaron(1). One of the sons of Mosiah (Mosiah 27:34). He was with Alma the Younger at the time Alma was called to repentance. Aaron was one of the sons of Mosiah who spent fourteen years teaching the Lamanites (Alma 17:4). Aaron taught the father of King Lamoni who was converted to the Lord along with many of his people. Aaron taught the old king to pray after expounding the scriptures to him. The king prayed with such sincerity that the Spirit of the Lord overcame him and he collapsed. The queen assumed that he had been murdered by the Nephites and ordered the king's servants to slay Aaron and his companions. The servants had seen what had happened to the king and feared that Aaron would strike them down. Seeing this, the queen also feared and ordered the servants to call the people to kill the Nephites. Knowing that many of the Lamanites would have hardened hearts and be happy to fulfill the queen's request, Aaron took the king by the hand and raised him from his unconcious state. The king calmed the queen and his people and caused that Aaron and his brethren should "preach the word among them." (Alma 22:26). Aaron also served a mission with Alma the Younger to the Zoramites (Alma 31:6).

Aaron(2). A Lamanite king (Mormon 2:9) who fought Mormon(2)'s army with an army of forty four thousand. He was defeated and fled.

Aaron(3). Son of Heth in the Jaredite genealogy (Ether 1:16, Ether 10:31). His grandfather, Hearthom, was deposed and placed in captivity (see Endnote 1). Several generations of Hearthom's family were born and raised in captivity, including Heth and Heth's son, Aaron. What is meant by captivity is not clearly defined, but it was obviously more than just being locked in a room. More than likely it meant something more on the order of being confined to a certain community with guards living with the family to ensure that their movements were not threatening to the current ruler.

Abinadi. A prophet called by the Lord from among the people of King Noah (Mosiah 11:20). He called the people to repentance and then fled when they angrily rejected his message. The Lord gave them two years to consider his message (Mosiah 12:1) and then sent him among the people again. This time he was taken before King Noah where he preached with such great power that when King Noah commanded him to be slain the guards did not dare touch him (Mosiah 13:5). After he delivered the message the Lord had sent him to deliver, he was burned to death, a fate he predicted for Noah (Mosiah 17:15).

Abinadom. Son of Chemish (Omni 1:10). He was a soldier (Omni 1:10) and one of the authors of the Book of Omni. He wrote only that he spent his days in defense of the Nephite civilization. He also said that he didn't know of any revelation or prophecy other than those that were already written. He delivered the plates to his son Amaleki(1).

Abish. A Lamanite woman in King Lamoni's court; probably an attendant of Lamoni's wife, the queen (see Alma 19:17). She had been converted to the Lord by a remarkable vision her father had seen (Alma 19:16). When Ammon preached with such power to King Lamoni that he fainted, Abish ran to gather the people so that they might see the power of God manifested. The people misunderstood what had happened and assumed that Ammon had brought some great evil upon the king's household. Men who had been defeated by Ammon at the waters of Sebus saw this as an opportunity to avenge their defeat and attempted to incite the crowd to kill Ammon. One of the men, whose brother had been killed by Ammon at Sebus, attempted to kill Ammon and was struck dead by the Lord. Seeing the commotion she had caused, Abish, in despair, took the queen by the hand to raise her up. The queen arose and exclaimed her love of Jesus Christ, and then awakened her husband, who further calmed the crowd.

Aha. One of the sons of Zoram(2) who helped defeat the armies of the Lamanites at the river Sidon after Zoram sought inspiration from the Lord.

Ahah. Son of Seth in the Jaredite genealogy (Ether 1:10). He ruled as a Jaredite king for a short time as a wicked and despotic ruler (Ether 11:10).

Akish. The son of Kimnor (Ether 8:10). He was a Jaredite that was enticed by lust for the daughter of Jared, son of the Jaredite king Omer. Jared offered Akish his daughter in marriage if Akish would kill the king. Akish formed a secret combination with his family and plotted the king's death. Omer was warned by the Lord in a dream about the plot and he fled with some of his family. Jared was annointed king after his father fled. It was only a short time later that Akish had Jared murdered and he was annointed king in Jared's place. He was eventually deposed, and perhaps even killed (Ether 9:12) in a civil war with his sons.

Alma(1). A descendent of Nephi, and a priest of Noah's court. He repented after hearing Abinidi's denouncement of Noah. Leading a group of fellow believers he escaped from King Noah. After traveling for eight days "they came to a land, yea, even a very beautiful and pleasant land, a land of pure water" (Mosiah 23:3-4) where they began to establish a city. Not long after establishing this city they were placed under Lamanite rule by a Lamanite army lead by, of all people, Amulon, one of Alma's former associates in the court of King Noah (Mosiah 23:31-32, 39). The Nephites were abused by Amulon and the Lamanites left to guard the city (Mosiah 24:8-9), but their faith did not fail them, and the Lord made their burdens light (Mosiah 24:14- 15). After some time of enduring this the Lord made a deep sleep come upon the Lamanites and Alma and his people escaped (Mosiah 24:19-20). After travelling for twelve days in the wilderness they came to the land of Zarahemla where they were welcomed by the people of King Mosiah (Mosiah 24:25). Alma was given authority to establish churches in all the land (Mosiah 25:19) by King Mosiah. He served as chief high priest for a number of years, eventually conferring the office and calling upon his son, Alma (Mosiah 29:42) before dying at the age of eighty two (Mosiah 49:45).

Alma(2). The son of Alma(1). He was rebellious in his youth, and expended a great deal of effort in trying to destroy the church his father was working so hard to establish. While travelling with four of the sons of King Mosiah, his father's prayers were answered and he was visited by an angel who called on him to stop his wickedness (see Mosiah 27:8-37). Alma spent three days in a helpless state while his soul was racked with guilt over his actions. Repenting, he became one of the greatest of the Nephite prophets. When King Mosiah established the rule of the judges, Alma was selected to be the first chief judge (Mosiah 29:42). After serving as chief judge for eight years (Alma 4:20), Alma gave up the judgement seat to devote his time solely to the ministry (Alma 4:17-19). Alma began his work first in Zarahemla and then went on to other Nephite cities (Alma 5:1). He eventually went to Ammonihah, where he was rejected. After leaving Ammonihah, Alma was visited by the same angel who had called him to repentance (Alma 8:15). This time the angel rejoice over his faithfulness before calling on him to return to Ammonihah, which Alma did speedily (Alma 8:18). It was then that he met Amulek and they had the remarkable experiences that comprise Alma 8-15. Alma had one more significant missionary experience that was recorded in the Book of Mormon: his mission to the Zoramites (Alma 31-35). After leaving his blessing upon his sons and upon the church Alma left Zarahemla on his way to Melek, but he never arrived "[a]nd it came to pass that he was never heard of more; as to his death or burial we know not of. Behold, this we know, that he was a righteous man; and the saying went abroad in the church that he was taken up by the Spirit, or buried by the hand of the Lord, even as Moses. But behold, the scriptures saith the Lord took Moses unto himself; and we suppose that he has also received Alma in the spirit, unto himself; therefore, for this cause we know nothing concerning his death and burial."(Alma 45:15-19).

Amaleki(1). Son of Abinadom (Omni 1:12). Having no children (Omni 1:25) he selected King Benjamin (son of Mosiah(1)) to receive the plates. Amaleki appears to have been a righteous man and was concerned about the stewardship he had regarding the Nephite records. His testimony probably reveals more about him than anything else written in the Book of Omni. Saying that he woulddeliver the plates to King Benjamin, he closes his record by "...exhorting all men to come unto God, the Holy One of Israel, and believe in prophesying, and in revelations, and in the ministering of angels, and in the gift of speaking with tongues, and in the gift of interpreting languages, and in all things which are good; for there is nothing which is good save it comes from the Lord; and that which is evil cometh from the devil. And now, my beloved brethren, I would that ye should come unto Christ, who is the Holy One of Israel, and partake of his salvation, and the power of his redemption. Yea, come unto him, and offer your whole souls as an offering unto him, and continue in fasting and praying, and endure to the end; and as the Lord liveth ye will be saved." (Omni 1:25-26)

Amaleki(2). One of the men accompanying Ammon(1) in his search for the group led by Zeniff (Mosiah 7:6). Captured by the soldiers of Limhi in the land of Shilom. He is not mentioned again.

Amaleki(1)'s brother. A member of Zeniff's small group of colonizers (Omni 1:30).

Amalickiah. The leader (Alma 46:3) of a rebellion against the established government during the tenure of Nephihah and Nephihah's son, Pahoran (Alma 50:38), as Chief Judge. Helaman was the head of the church at this time. It was this rebellion that caused Captain Moroni to make a banner from his coat and write on it (see Moroni(1)). Amalickiah was extremely wicked and caused a great deal of dissension and bloodshed among the Nephites. When he was denied the kingship through persuasion among the Nephites, he fled to the Lamanites. Through deception and intrigue he became king of the Lamanites. He commenced a bitter war against the Nephites. This war lasted for almost twenty years, although Amalickiah was killed by Teancum in a daring night raid (Alma 51:34) about six years after he started the war.

Amaron. Son of Omni (Omni 1:4). He wrote a few passages in the Book of Omni commenting on the wickedness of the Nephites. He may have been childless because he delivered the plates to his brother Chemish (Omni 1:8). Interestingly, he wrote what little that he did on the day that he delivered the plates to Chemish (Omni 1:9)

Amgid. A Jaredite king (Ether 10:32). During the time that Hearthom, Heth, Aaron, Coriantum, and Com lived in captivity there must have been a series of Jaredite rulers (Ether 10:30), one of whom was Amgid. Amgid was deposed by Com after a long civil ward (Ether 10:32).

Aminadab. A Nephite by birth (Helaman 5:35) who was living among the Lamanites at the time that Nephi(3) and Lehi(3) came among them to preach to them. A dissenter from the Nephites (Helaman 5:35), Aminadab was among a group of some three hundred (Helaman 5:49) Lamanites that had come to the prison to slay Nephi(3) and Lehi(3) (Helaman 5:22). When they arrived, Nephi(3) and Lehi(3) were encircled by a pillar of fire, and when they spoke the prison walls shook and the Lamanites became paralyzed and partially blind. They were terrified and asked what was happening. Aminadab replied that they were witnessing the power of that God that had been preached to them by Alma, Amulek, and Zeezrom. He told them that they needed to repent and have faith in Christ and their vision would be restored. The Lamanites followed Aminadab's advice and not only was their vision restored (Helaman 5:43), but angels came from heaven to minister to them (Helaman 5:48).

Aminadi. When Amulek spoke to the people in the city of Ammonihah, be began first by reciting his genealogy as a mean of establishing his credibility. He identified himself by saying: "I am Amulek; I am the son of Giddonah, who was the son of Ishmael, who was a descendant of Aminadi; and it was the sameAminadi who interpreted the writing which was upon the wall of the temple, which was written by the finger of God. And Aminadi was a descendant of Nephi, who was the son of Lehi, who came out of the land of Jerusalem, who was a descendant of Manasseh, who was the son of Joseph who was sold into Egypt by the hands of his brethren." (Alma 10:2-3). This is the only mention of both Aminadi and the incident in the temple.

Amlici. Shortly after Mosiah had established the rule of the judges (Alma 2:1), Amlici came on the scene. The Book of Mormon describes him as cunning, wise as to the ways of the world, and a follower after the order of Nehor. He established a following and became quite powerful. His stated purpose was to restore the rule of kings over the people, with Amlici becoming king (Alma 2:2), but Alma reveals a deeper purpose "for it was his intent to destroy the church of God." (Alma 2:4). The matter came to a vote and Amlici was defeated (Alma 7:7). This made Amlici angry, and he stirred up an armed insurrection (Alma 2:8-10) against the Nephites (Alma 2:11). His followers consecrated Amlici to be their king. The two groups met in battle "upon the hill Amnihu, which was east of the river Sidon, which ran by the land of Zarahemla" (Alma 2:15). The Nephites killed over twelve thousand Amlicites in the battle, and the Amlicites fled in fear. Alma and his army pursued them until dark. Spies who were sent to watch them through the night returned with terrible news. The Amlicites had joined forces with a large group of Nephites and were laying waste to the land of Minon (Alma 2:24). Alma headed his army back to Zarahemla and as they were crossing the river Sidon they were attacked by the combined Amlicite-Lamanite forces (Alma 2:27). Alma contended with Amlici in hand-to-hand combat and, calling upon the Lord for strength, killed him. In spite of being outnumbered, Alma and his army prevailed and the Amlicite-Lamanite army fled into the wilderness.

Ammah. One of Ammon's companions on his mission to the Lamanites (Alma 20:2, Alma 21:11).

Ammaron. Brother of Amos, and one of the keepers of the records after the appearance of the Savior to the Nephites (4 Nephi 1:47). The people had become wicked by the time he received theplates, and the Lord instructed him to hide them. He hid the records in the hill Shim in the land Antum. Ammaron went to Mormon(2) when Mormon(2) was ten years old and told him about the records. Ammaron essentially ordained Mormon(2) to receive the records when he was twenty four (Mormon 1:2-4).

Ammon(1). A descendent of Zarahemla. He was sent by Mosiah(2) to discover the fate of Zeniff's colony.

Ammon(2). One of the sons of King Mosiah (Mosiah 27:34). Ammon was one of Alma the Younger's companions in wickedness (Mosiah 27:35) when they were visited by an angel (Mosiah 27:10- 11, Alma 17:2). The firstborn of King Mosiah (as near as we can tell), Ammon was a man worthy to be king in his father's stead. He was intelligent, articulate, decisive, and humble; a true leader in every respect. However, he declined the kingship (Mosiah 29:6-7), prompting his father to establish the rule of judges (Mosiah 29:6-11). He chose instead to devote his life to repairing the damage he had done to the church and to proclaiming the gospel to everyone who would listen. He was inspired (Mosiah 28:4) to go on a mission to the Lamanites to "impart the word of God to their brethren, the Lamanites," to bring them to the knowledge of the Lord their God, and convince them of the iniquity of their fathers; and ... perhaps ... cure them of their hatred towards the Nephites, that ... there should be no more contentions in all the land which the Lord their God had given them" (Mosiah 28:1-2). Having seen the ugliness of sin, he "could not bear that any human soul should perish; yea, even the very thoughts that any soul should endure endless torment did cause [him] to quake and tremble" (Mosiah 28:3). His mission is a perfect example of the counsel given by the Lord to Joseph Smith "Therefore, verily I say unto you, lift up your voices unto this people; speak the thoughts that I shall put into your hearts, and you shall not be confounded before men; For it shall be given you in the very hour, yea, in the very moment, what ye shall say. But a commandment I give unto you, that ye shall declare whatsoever thing ye declare in my name, in solemnity of heart, in the spirit of meekness, in all things. And I give unto you this promise, that inasmuch as ye do this the Holy Ghost shall be shed forth in bearing record unto all things whatsoever ye shall say." (D&C 100:5-8) Promised that if he would live righteously, he would be guarded, Ammon was fearless in his ministry. His defense of King Lamoni's flocks at the waters of Sebus (Alma 17:27) is a favorite Primary story, and his defense of King Lamoni in the confrontation with his father (Alma 20:16-20) is a wonderful example of selfless devotion to a true friend. The best window into the soul of Ammon is his hymn of joy in Alma 26 in which he says (in part): "Therefore, let us glory, yea, we will glory in the Lord; yea, we will rejoice, for our joy is full; yea, we will praise our God forever. Behold, who can glory too much in the Lord? Yea, who can say too much of his great power, and of his mercy, and of his long-suffering towards the children of men? Behold, I say unto you, I cannot say the smallest part which I feel." (Alma 26:16)

Ammoron. The brother of Amalickiah (Alma 52:3). He was appointed king over the Lamanites after his brother was killed by Teancum (Alma 51:34), one of Captain Moroni's commanders. Ammoron worked to keep in Lamanite possession the Nephite cities his brother had captured and he continued to harass the Nephites in an attempt to gain further territory (Alma 52:13). The Nephite armies regained some of their cities (Alma 62:25,32) in a major camaign to destroy the Lamanite threat. The armies of Moroni, Teancum, and Lehi engaged Ammoron's army in a running battle (Alma 62:32) that ended in the land of Moroni near the seashore. Teancum, acting on his own, stole into the Lamanite camp after dark with the intention of killing Ammoron like he had killed Amalickiah. He succeeded in killing Ammoron, but this time he was detected and before he could escape Lamanite soldiers killed him (Alma 62:35-36).

Amnigaddah. In the Jaredite genealogy he was the father of Coriantum and the son of Aaron (Ether 1:14-15). He was born into captivity, lived all his days in captivity, and died in the same condition (Ether 10:31).

Amnor. One of the soldiers Alma sent out to watch the camp of the Amlicites after their battle with them on the hill east of the river Sidon (Alma 2:22).

Amoron. A correspondant of Mormon(2). Our only knowledge of him comes in this brief mention "And now I write somewhat concerning the sufferings of this people. For according to the knowledge which I have received from Amoron, behold, the Lamanites have many prisoners, which they took from the tower of Sherrizah; and there were men, women, and children." (Moroni 9:7)

Amos(1). The son of Nephi(5) (4 Nephi 1:19) and one of the custodians of the Nephite records.

Amos(2). The son of Amos(1) (4 Nephi 1:21) and one of the custodians of the Nephite records.

Amulek. Amulek was Alma's companion on Alma's mission to the people of Ammonihah. To me, Amulek is one of the great heroes of the Book of Mormon. Alma had been trying to get the people of Ammonihah to repent with no success. The people rejected his message "and reviled him, and spit upon him, and caused that he should be cast out of their city." (Alma 8:13). Weighed down in sorrow he headed for the city of Aaron. An angel visited him, and ministering to him, encouraged him to return to Ammonihah and warn them to repent or be destroyed. After receiving the angel's message "he returned speedily to the land of Ammonihah." (Alma 8:18) Upon entering the city he met a man who he asked "Will ye give to an humble servant of God something to eat?" (Alma 8:19). The man was Amulek, who had been visited by an angel (the same angel who visited Alma just a short time before? Probably.) The angel told him to go find Alma and receive him into his home. This is quite a stretch for someone who had been 'inactive' all his life (see Alma 10:5-6). The remainder of the story is familiar to students of the Book of Mormon. Alma and Amulek preached to the people of the city of Ammonihah, withstood the deception of Zeezrom, and in agony watched as believers in Christ were murdered by fire before their eyes as they stood bound. It was probably on my tenth reading of this story that I noticed something that made me love and admire Amulek even more. When Amulek first told of his meeting with Alma he said "... he hath blessed mine house, he hath blessed me, and my women, and my children, and my father and my kinsfolk; yea, even all my kindred hath he blessed, and the blessing of the Lord hath rested upon us according to the words which he spake." (Alma 10:11) Later, after their harrowing experiences in Ammonihah, and the conversion of Zeezrom in the city of Sidom, we read: " And it came to pass that Alma and Amulek, Amulek having forsaken all his gold, and silver, and his precious things, which were in the land of Ammonihah, for the word of God, he being rejected by those who were once his friends and also by his father and his kindred; Now as I said, Alma having seen all these things, therefore he took Amulek and came over to the land of Zarahemla, and took him to his own house, and did administer unto him in his tribulations, and strengthened him in the Lord." (Alma 15:16,18). It would appear from what is written here that Amulek lost some of his family by being rejected by them, but I think that some of them must have been among those cast into the fire by the mob in Ammonihah. I picture Amulek, newly active in the church, and just coming to understand the mercy and goodness of God, standing helpless as members of his own family are murdered in front of him, and yet HE REMAINED FAITHFUL! We read about him preaching to the people of Zarahemla (Alma 16:13) and serving a later mission with Alma to the Zoramites (Alma 31:6). Some of the most profound teachings of the Book of Mormon regarding repentance, Jesus as the Father and the Son, the resurrection, and the power of Satan to deceive came during Alma and Amulek's missions.

Amulon. The leader of the wicked priests of King Noah (Mosiah 23:32). After fleeing from the Lamanites when Gideon and Noah fought, they were ashamed to return to their families (Mosiah 20:3). Hiding on the wilderness they came upon a number of young Lamanite women dancing. Waiting until there were few people around, the priests kidnapped twenty four of the young women (Mosiah 20:4-5). Later the priests established an alliance with the Lamanites whose daughters they had kidnapped, and ruled harshly over Alma and his community in the land of Helam (Mosiah 23:35-39). He was so harsh that he put to death any Nephite he found praying. His children were later so ashamed of his actions that they called themselves the children of Nephi so "they would no longer be called by the names of their fathers" (Mosiah 25:12). Amulon's fate is never revealed.

Anti-Nephi-Lehi. Brother of King Lamoni (Alma 24:5) and king of all the Lamanites that accepted the gospel from Ammon and his brethren. He was not born with the name Anti-Nephi-Lehi, but received it when he was annointed king by his father (Alma 24:3).

Antiomno. The king of the land of Middoni, and a friend to King Lamoni (Alma 20:4).

Antionah. One of the chief rulers of Ammonihah (Alma 12:20). He was one that led the verbal assault against Alma and Amulek. He may also have been involved in the murder of the believers (see Alma 14:2-4).

Antipus. A commander in the Nephite army at the time of Captain Moroni (Alma 56:9). It was to his assistance that Moroni marched with the two thousand young warriors. He was slain in battle shortly after the arrival of Moroni (Alma 56:51).

Archeantus. Mentioned by Mormon(2) in a letter to his son Moroni (Mormon 9:2). It would appear that he was a commander in Mormon(2)'s army.

Benjamin. Son of Mosiah(1). He was selected by Amaleki to become custodian of the Nephite records. It appears that at the time of Jacob, Nephi's brother, the job of keeping the plates was separated from that of being leader of the Nephites (implied in Jacob 1:11-15). It wasn't until the time of Benjamin that these two tasks came back together. Benjamin was a righteous leader who labored hard to mantain his kingdom against Lamanite aggression and internal dissensions (Words of Mormon 1:12-18). Benjamin's greatness came in part because he realized that being king did not make him special. In fact, it placed an even greater burden upon him: that he serve his fellow citizens as their king and yet provide for his own maintainance so that he would not be a hardship to them (Mosiah 2:11, 14). Compare that with King Noah's extravagence "And he laid a tax of one fifth part of all they possessed,... And all this did he take to support himself, and his wives and his concubines; and also his priests, and their wives and their concubines; ... Yea, and thus they were supported in their laziness, ... by the taxes which king Noah had put upon his people; thus did the people labor exceedingly to support iniquity. And it came to pass that king Noah built many elegant and spacious buildings; and he ornamented them with fine work of wood, and of all manner of precious things, of gold, and of silver, and of iron, and of brass, and of ziff, and of copper; ... And he also built him a spacious palace, and a throne in the midst thereof" (Mosiah 11:3-9) Benjamin is best remembered for the sermon that he gave at the end of his ministry when his son Mosiah was annointed leader of the Nephites. Stephen D. Ricks in his essay "King, Coronation, and Covenant in Mosiah 1-6" suggests that Mosiah's coronation ceremony bears strong resemblance to the Near East coronation ceremonies. He also outlines six elements of covenant renewal that the Israelites practiced and shows where each of those elements are found in Mosiah 1-6. (Ricks, Stephen D. "King, Coronation, and Covenant in Mosiah 1-6" Rediscovering the Book of Mormon. Ed. John L. Sorenson and Melvin J. Thorne. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1991. 213-218.) Benjamin died three years after the begin of Mosiah's reign (Mosiah 6:5).

Cezoram. When Nephi(3) gave up the judgement seat to begin a full-time ministry it was to Cezoram (Helaman 5:1). Cezoram was murdered as he sat in judgement by unknown assassins. His son, who was appointed chief judge after his father's death was also murdered (Helaman 6:15).

Chemish. Brother of Amaron, and one of the authors of the Book of Omni. He makes an interesting comment about what his brother had written: "for behold, I saw the last which he wrote, that he wrote it with his own hand; and he wrote it in the day that he delivered them unto me. And after this manner we keep the records" (Omni 1:9). It would seem that for several generations the record keepers fulfilled the letter of the law but not the spirit of it. Keeping the records was a matter of duty imposed by tradition, but the spirit of bearing testimony and recording "preaching which was sacred, or revelation which was great, or prophesying" (Jacob 1:4) had largely been lost.

Cohor(1). Brother of Noah(2) and son of Corihor (Ether 7:14-15). Cohor participated with Noah in a rebellion against Shule (Ether 7:16).

Cohor(2). Son of Noah(2) (Ether 7:20). He reigned in the kingdom of Cohor (Ether 7:21) after his father led a rebellion against Shule (Ether 7:16). He was killed in a battle with Shule (Ether 7:21).

Com(1). In the Jaredite genealogy the son of Coriantum(1) (Ether 1:13) and father of Shiblon (Ether 1:14). Com was born to his father when his father was at least one hundred and two years old (Ether 9:24-25). Com was king for forty nine years (Ether 9:25) before he was murdered by his son, Heth(1), who embraced "the secret plans again of old" to gain power (Ether 9:26).

Com(2). In the Jaredite genealogy the son of Coriantum(2) (Ether 1:27) and father of Heth(2) (Ether 1:26). Com was born in captivity (Ether 10:31), but rebelled against the king and drew away half the kingdom (Ether 10:32). After forty two years of ruling over half the kingdom he went to battle with Amgid and defeated him. Secret combinations were established during his reign. Com tried to destroy these secret combinations but with little success (Ether 10:34). His people rejected prophets that were sent to call the to repentance. The prophets appealed to Com for protection, which he granted to them. He must have been righteous because "[the prophets] prophesied unto Com many things; and he was blessed in all the remainder of his days. And he lived to a good old age" (Ether 11:3-4).

Corianton. Son of Alma the Younger (Alma 31:7). He accompanied Alma on the mission to the Zoramites, but was not faithful on his mission (Alma 39:3) and committed grievous sin with the harlot, Isabel. Alma we justifiably grieved at his son's actions and went to great effort to convince his son of the magnitude of the sin he had committed. President Spencer W. Kimball said "Perhaps the greatest scriptural exposition on the respective roles of mercy and justice, and God's position in it all, is that of Alma to his son Corianton. It is important for all of us to understand this concept." (Spencer W. Kimball, The Miracle of Forgiveness, Pg.359) Corianton believed what his father taught him and repented because he continued to minister to the Nephites (Alma 49:30). Corianton is last heard of taking a ship of provisions to the people who had settled in the northern colonies (Alma 63:10).

Coriantor. In the Jaredite genealogy the son of Moron (Ether 1:7) and an ancestor of Ether (Ether 1:6)<2>. Coriantor was born in captivity (Ether 11:19) and lived there all his life.

Coriantum(1). Father of Com and son of Amnigaddah (Ether 1:13-14).

Coriantum(2). Father of Com and son of Emer (Ether 1:27-28). Corianton inherited a prosperous and peaceful kingdon from his father (one of the few instances of this in the Book of Ether). Coriantum followed in the steps of his righteous father and continued the peaceful development of his kingdom (Ether 9:23). At the age of one hundred and two (having been without children to this point), he "took to wife ... a young maid, and begat sons and daughters" and "lived until he was an hundred and forty and two years old." (Ether 9:24)

Coriantumr(1). A Nephite dissenter (Helaman 1:5) who lead a Lamanite army on an invasion of the land of Zarahemla just prior to the birth of Christ. He is described as "a large and a mighty man." (Helaman 1:15) and a descendent of Zarahemla. Moving with trememdous speed, his army made a beeline for Zarahemla. The Nephites were unable to assemble and army in time, and Coriantumr was able to take over the city of Zarahemla without any difficulty (Helaman 1:20). Pacumeni, who was the chief judge, fled before Coriantumr, and almost made it out of the city before Coriantum killed him (Helaman 1:21). Having taken Zarahemla so easily, Coriantumr determined to conquer the entire land. Unfortunately for the Lamanites who followed him, Coriantumr was the type of leader who thought about the battle without planning the whole war. Imagine being angry at the leader of a motorcycle gang. You drive to within a block of his hangout, get out of the car, sneak to the door of the building, and then burst into the room. You run right to where he's sitting and hit him over the head with a baseball bat. To this point you have had little opposition, but now you look around the room at all the chains, black leather jackets, and angry faces, and suddenly your victory seems less significant than it did a moment before. That was the position Coriantumr found himself in when he attempted to leave Zarahemla to press his campaign. He had pushed himself into the heart of Nephite territory without establishing any path of retreat or any means for obtaining additional help. The Nephites had established large armies at the borders of their lands, and they quickly moved those armies towards Coriantumr's army in Zarahemla. Suddenly, Coriantumr found himself in combat with the army of Lehi (Helaman 1:29). When he began to retreat back toward Zarahemla he found himself battling Moronihah's army (Helalaman 1:30). The slaughter was terrific and Coriantumr was killed. The remainder of his army surrendered and were sent back to their own lands (Helaman 1:33).

Coriantumr(2). The last of the Jaredites as a distinct race. It is quite likely that a number of Jaredites remained after the final battles, but had gone into hiding. Commenting on the four year process of preparing for their final battle (Ether 13:31, 14:7), Hugh Nibley wrote: "The combing of the land for recruits did not include the entire continent, for it completely overlooked the Nephites, Lamanites, and Mulekites living on it, and who is to say that given thousands of years to wander in, plus a great tradition of hunting and nomadism, no Jaredites could have gone to the outermost limits of the continent? Ether is writing the history of one nation only, and Moroni presenting less than one percent of that history (Ether 15:33)--a few renegades are no concern of theirs. Those who drop out of the main picture simply cease to exist for Ether's or any other history." (Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol.5, Part.2, Ch.6, Pg.248)

Corihor. Son of the Jaredite king Kib (Ether 7:3). At the age of thirty two he rebelled against his father and left to live in the land of Nehor. He eventually built a strong following and eventually conquered his father and took him captive (Ether 7:5). Kib lived in captivity and eventually had a son, Shule, who restored his father to power (See Shule). Corihor repented of the evil he had done to his father and was granted power in the kingdom (Ether 7:13).

Corom. In the Jaredite genealogy he was the son of Levi and the father of Kish (Ether 1:19-20). Corom was one of the few Jaredite kings to receive the kingdom from a righteous father, rule in peace and righteousness for a long time, and annoint his son to be king (Ether 10:16-17).

Cumenihah. A Nephite general who served under Mormon(2) (Mormon 6:13).

Emer. In the Jaredite genealogy the son of Omer and father of Coriantum (Ether 1:28-29). Emer was one of the few Jaredite kings that came to power peacefully, reigned righteously through the course of a normal life, and annointed one of his sons to reign in his stead (see Ether 9:14-21) He lived four years after giving up the throne and died in peace (Ether 9:22). So righteous was he that he "even saw the Son of Righteousness, and did rejoice and glory in his day;" (Ether 9:22).

Emron. Mentioned by Mormon(2) in a letter to his son Moroni (Mormon 9:2). It would appear that he was a commander in Mormon(2)'s army.

Enos. Son of Jacob (Jacob 7:27) and grandson of Lehi. The relationship between Jacob and Enos is often cited as an example of how children develop their testimonies. Enos stated that he had been taught "in the nurture and admonition of the Lord" by his father whom he knew to be a "just man." One day while hunting, the "words which [he] had often heard [his] father speak concerning eternal life, and the joy of the saints, sunk deep into [his] heart ... And [his] soul hungered; and [he] kneeled down before my Maker, and ... cried unto him in mighty prayer and supplication for [his] own soul; and all the day long did [he] cry unto him; yea, and when the night came [he] did still raise [his] voice high that it reached the heavens." (Enos 1:1-4) His prayer was answered and he had a remarkable conversation with the Lord regarding faith in Jesus Christ, the restoration of theknowledge of the gospel to the Lamanites, and the records with which he had been entrusted. He lived faithfully all his life, striving to keep the commandments of the Lord (Enos 1:26-27).

Esrom. Son of Omer (Ether 8:4). From reading the first part of Ether 8 it would appear that he helped lead a rebellion against his older brother Jared to help reclaim the kingdom for his father.

Ethem. The father of Moron and the son of Ahah (Ether 1:8-9). One of the Jaredite kings who spent his entire life in wickedness (Ether 11:14).

Ether. A descendent (See Endnote 2) of Coriantor (Ether 1:6). He was the author of the plates found by the people of Limhi (Mosiah 8:9, Ether 1:2). Ether was born to Coriantor in the days of Coriantor's captivity (Ether 11:23). We don't know anything about Ether's childhood or youth, but as an adult he "was a prophet of the Lord ...and ... he did cry from the morning, even until the going down of the sun, exhorting the people to believe in God unto repentance lest they should be destroyed, saying unto them that by faith all things are fulfilled--Wherefore, whoso believeth in God might with surety hope for a better world, yea, even a place at the right hand of God, which hope cometh of faith, maketh an anchor to the souls of men, which would make them sure and steadfast, always abounding in good works, being led to glorify God." (Ether 12:3-4) The people would not receive his testimony (Ether 13:2), but Moroni was impressed with Ether's discourse on faith to the extent that he inserted his own discussion on faith into the middle of Ether's record (Ether 12:6). Ether was privileged to see the days of Christ (Ether 13:4) and the events and the events surrounding the second coming of the Savior. His record of the events preceeding the second coming were so complete that Moroni was forbidden to write all of them. Moroni must have felt a great spiritual connection between himself and Ether. Moroni wrote of Ether: "great and marvelous were the prophecies of Ether; but they esteemed him as naught, and cast him out; and he hid himself in the cavity of a rock by day, and by night he went forth viewing the things which should come upon the people. And as he dwelt in the cavity of a rock he made the remainder of his record, viewing the destructions which came upon the people, by night." (Ether 13:12-13) Ether viewed the destruction of his entire people over the next four or five years. Moroni, who himself was the lone prophet among a wicked people, hiding for his life, and writing the record of the destruction of his people, had a great deal in common with this earlier prophet of the Lord. Ether closed his record with these words: "Whether the Lord will that I be translated, or that I suffer the will of the Lord in the flesh, it mattereth not, if it so be that I am saved in the kingdom of God. Amen." (Ether 15:34)

Gadianton. Gadianton has established a legacy of evil that will live to the millenium. He was a wicked man who conspired with the band of Kishkumen to become chief judge by murdering Helaman (Helaman 2:4-5). Although not the first to use secret combinations to accomplish his means (see Helaman 6:27) Gadianton's band has become the epitome of secret combinations. Mormon(2) states of Gadianton "that it was his object to murder, and also that it was the object of all those who belonged to his band to murder, and to rob, and to gain power, (and this was their secret plan, and their combination)" (Helaman 2:8). Gadianton's plan was discovered and stopped, but Gadianton escaped. Mormon(2) wrote that Gadianton (as he was led by Satan (Helaman 6:26- 30)) was the cause of the destruction of the Nephite nation prior to the coming of the Savior and that the pattern of secret combinations that Gadianton perpetuated plagued the Nephites after the Savior's appearance to them (Helaman 2:13; 4 Nephi 1:42,46; Mormon 1:18) Gadianton's eventual fate is not revealed. The only solution to the secret combinations is righteous living (see Helaman 6:37, 11:10).

Gid. A commander in the Nephite army at the time of Captain Moroni (Alma 57:29). He was assigned to take a group of Lamanite POW's to the land of Zarahemla (Alma 57:16). Shortly after leaving for Zarahemla the Lamanites learned of a nearby Lamanite army and attempted to escape. Many of them were killed and the remainder fled into the wilderness (Alma 57:32-33). Gid and his men marched to the Cumeni, which was under attack by that Lamanite army and arrived in time to help save the city (Alma 57:17-18, 57:34). Gid and Teomner later helped Helaman free the city of Manti. Gid and Teomner hid their armies on either side of the way out of the city. Helaman remained near the gates of the city with a small army as if to stop any provisions from being sent to the Lamanite army inside (Alma 58:15) The plan proceeded like this: "The Lamanites came out in full force and took after Helaman, who of course retreated at top speed, leading the pursuers unawares right between the forces of Gid and Teomner, who lay quietly until they had passed and then ?ran to the city and fell upon the guards,' for in their haste and confidence the Lamanites had left only a few to guard the town, and they were easily destroyed (Moroni not being there to prevent it) (Alma 58:16-22). The Lamanites had to give up the chase when they found that the quarry was heading straight for Zarahemla, leading them to suspect another of those Nephite ambushes. But what they did not suspect was that their fleeing victims would double on their tracks, march around them in the nighttime while they were sleeping, and beat them back to Manti--the last place in the world they would expect to find them. So the Nephites took Manti ?without the shedding of blood' (Alma 58:24-28). (Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol.7, Ch.11, Pg.321 - Pg.322)

Giddianhi. The ruler of Gadianton's band of robbers (3 Nephi 3:9) after the disappearance (at least as far as the Book of Mormon is concerned) of Gadianton. Quoting Hugh Nibley: "In a high-minded letter addressed to the Nephite chief of state, Giddianhi, the ?governor of the society of Gadianton,' testified to its lofty ideals and the high moral character of its leaders, its sense of fair play (3 Nephi 3:2-3), its magnanimity (3 Nephi 3:5), the indomitable courage of its members (3 Nephi 3:4), and the grievous wrongs they had suffered, ending up with the characteristically paranoid charge that all the present trouble was because of your wickedness in retaining from them their rights of government' (3 Nephi 3:10). (Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol.7, Ch.12, Pg.365 - Pg.366)

Giddonah(1). The father of Amulek (Alma 10:2) and the son of Ishmael(2).

Giddonah(2). The high priest and chief judge in the Land of Gideon (Alma 30:21). When Korihor came into the land of Gideon and began preaching his priestcrafts he was bound and taken before Giddonah.

Gideon. A great hero among the Nephites. We first hear about him after Alma flees from King Noah's soldiers with those that had been with him at the waters of Mormon. Gideon was outraged at the wicked acts of the king (Mosiah 19:4). He attacked King Noah with his sword and almost killed Noah before they sighted an approaching Lamanite army (Mosiah 19:6). Gideon, who always had the welfare of the people at heart, ceased fighting with the king so that they might warn the people of the approaching army. Gideon plays a key role in defending this small colony of Nephites after King Noah was destroyed (see Mosiah 19:18, Mosiah 20:17) and was instrumental in helping them escape their Lamanite guards (Alma 1:8). He was later slain when Nehor lost his temper at Gideon's denunciation of his priestcrafts. Gideon was so beloved of the Nephite people that a major community was named after him (Alma 2:20, Alma 6:7)

Gidgiddonah. A Nephite commander who served under Mormon(2) (Mormon 6:13).

Gidgiddoni. A Nephite commander who served under Mormon(2) (Mormon 6:13).

Gilead. The brother of Shared (Ether 14:3,8) and one of the men who tried to wrest the kingdom from Coriantumr (Ether 14:3). He was defeated and trapped in the wilderness by Coriantumr's army. He escaped with his army when some of Coriantumr's army became drunk (Ether 14:5) and couldn't prevent his escape. He returned to the land of Moron and placed himself on Coriantumr's throne. He ruled for two years while both his and Coriantumr's army gained strength (Ether 14:7-8). Gilead was murdered by his high priest as he sat upon the throne (Ether 14:9).

Gilgah. One of the sons of Jared (Ether 6:14).

Gilgal. A Nephite commander who served under Mormon(2) (Mormon 6:14).

Hagoth. A shipbuilder during the time of Helaman (Alma 63:5). He was "an exceedingly curious man" (Alma 63:5) who built a large ship and took a number of Nephites to colonize "the land northward" (Alma 63:7). He returned the next year, built more ships, and took another group northward. This group was never heard from again "[a]nd we suppose that they were drowned in the depths of the sea." (Alma 63:8)

Hearthom. In the Jaredite genealogy the father of Heth and son of Lib (Ether 1:16-17). He received the kingdom from his father and reigned for twenty four years before the kingdom was taken from him (Ether 10:30). Hearthom lived the remainder of his days in captivity.

Helam. The first of the Nephites to be baptized at the waters of Mormon (Mosiah 18:12).

Helaman(1). Youngest son of King Benjamin (Mosiah 1:2).

Helaman(2). Oldest son of Alma the Younger (Alma 31:7). He remained behind in Zarahemla when his father went on a mission to the Zoramites. Helaman was a remarkable man and a credit to his father in every respect. He had a notable career as a military leader, and also spent his life ministering to the Nephites and the Lamanites who became the people of Ammon. He was entrusted with the records (Alma 37:1) while still a youth (Alma 36:3) and it was during this same blessing that his father recounted his rebellious youth and visit by and angel as well as many other great and marvelous things. In a later blessing he prophesied to Helaman that Christ would soon come, but that not longer after his visit the Nephites would become wicked and eventually be destroyed as a nation (Alma 45:10-14). Even though Helaman is never spoken of as the chief priest, it would appear that he served in that capacity (see Alma 45:22-23; 46:1,6; 46:38; 48:19 where Helaman is always mentioned as leading his brethren, or the high priests, etc.) Helaman was instrumental in persuading the people of Ammon not to break the oath they had taken regarding fighting (Alma 53:14). Instead, he became the leader of two thousand of their young men who had never taken the oath (Alma 53:18-19). Under Helaman's leadership this small army served valiantly and was instrumental in winning several battles that would otherwise have been won by the Lamanites (Alma 57:22). Helaman loved these young men whom he referred to as his sons "for they are worthy to be called sons" (Alma 56:10), because of their faith (Alma 56:47; 57:26-27), their obedience (Alma 57:21), and their great courage (Alma 57:20). After a distinguished military career (from approximately 64 B.C. to approximately 48 B.C.) he returned to Zarahemla to re-establish the church, which had suffered during the decade of fighting that had just ended (Alma 62:44). Before he died, he conferred the "sacred things" upon his brother Shiblon (Alma 63:1) perhaps because his own son Helaman was either not available or not yet old enough to receive the plates. Helaman "died ... in the thirty and fifth year of the reign of the judges over the people of Nephi," (Alma 62:52) which was approximately 57 B.C.

Helaman(3). Son of Helaman(2) (Alma 63:11). Helaman witnessed the disintegration of the Nephite society prior to the Savior's visit. He saw a civil insurrection caused by dissension among the sons of Pahoran (Helaman 1:1-14), and was eventually appointed chief judge after the sons of Pahoran were all killed (Helaman 2:2). Kishkumen, at Gadianton's direction (Helaman 2:4-5), attempted to murder Helaman, but was thwarted when his plans were overheard by a servant faithful to Helaman. The servant killed Kishkumen instead and revealed the plot to Helaman. Helaman attempted to capture the leaders of this plot, but they had fled into the wilderness when Kishkumen didn't return in time (Helaman 2:11). Helaman lived righteously all of his life and ruled with "justice and equity" (Helaman 3:20). He had at two sons whom he named Lehi(3) and Nephi(3) (Helaman 3:21). Helaman died after serving as chief judge for eleven years (see Helaman 2:1 and Helaman 3:37).

Helem. One of the men accompanying Ammon in his search for the group led by Zeniff (Mosiah 7:6). They were captured by the soldiers of Limhi in the land of Shilom and held in prison for two days before they were interrogated by the king, who had mistaken them for priest of King Noah.

Helorum. Son of King Benjamin (Mosiah 1:2).

Hem. One of the men accompanying Ammon in his search for the group led by Zeniff.(Mosiah 7:6). They were captured by the soldiers of Limhi in the land of Shilom and held in prison for two days before they were interrogated by the king, who had mistaken them for priest of King Noah.

Heth(1). In the Jaredite genealogy he was the son of Hearthom (Ether 1:16).

Heth(2). In the Jaredite genealogy he was the son of Com and the father of Shez (Ether 1:25-26). Heth embraced the secret combinations of Satan and in a conspiracy with others murdered his father, Com (Ether 9:26-27). After this, prophets came into the land to warn the people, but were rejected and cast out. Some were killed at the command of Heth (Ether 9:29). Heth later perished in a famine brought on them by their wickedness (Ether 9:30, 10:1).

Himni. One of the sons of King Mosiah (Mosiah 27:34) who served a mission to the Lamanites. He was later left in to help minister to the church in Zarahemla (Alma 31:6; see Helaman(2)) when Alma left on a mission to reclaim the Zoramites.

Isabel. The harlot that Corianton forsook his ministry to see (Alma 39:3). Alma's instruction to his son Corianton is very profound. One sentence of this discourse on repentance ought to sound familiar to any parent who has ever struggled with children who give in to peer pressure: "Yea, she did steal away the hearts of many; but this was no excuse for thee, my son." (Alma 39:4) Hugh Nibley conjectures that Isabel may also have been involved in idolatry and worship of the Great Mother (see Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol.8, Ch.23, Pg.542)

Ishmael(1). Little is known about Ismael. Lehi sent his sons back to Jerusalem to gain favor with Ishmael and to ask his family to flee with them to the new world. His family had been selected by the Lord (1 Nephi 7:2) to marry with Lehi's family. He had five daughters and at least two sons (1 Nephi 7:6). It would appear that Laman, Lemuel, Sam, Nephi, and Zoram each married one of Ishmael's daughters (1 Nephi 16:7). Ishmael died during their travels in the wilderness and was buried in a place called Nahom (1 Nephi 16:34 see footnote in BOM about possible meaning of Nahom).

Ishmael(2). The father of Giddonah and grandfather of Amulek (Alma 10:2).

Ishmael's daughters. Laman, Lemuel, Nephi, and Zoram each married one of Ishmael's daughters (1 Nephi 16:7).

Ishmael's wife. Mentioned only in 1 Nephi 7:6,19. There is no mention of her after Ishmael died.

Jacob. The fifth son of Lehi(1), and one of two that were born in the wilderness after Lehi and Sariah fled from Jerusalem (2 Nephi 2:1-2). He was faithful and obedient to his father, and was concecrated a priest and teacher by his older brother, Nephi(1) (2 Nephi 5:26; Jacob 1:18).

Jacom. One of the sons of Jared (Ether 6:14).

Jared(1). The father of the Jaredites (see Title Page of the Book of Mormon, The Testimony of the Three Witnesses, Ether 1:33). Jared lived in the days of the early patriarchs "at the time the Lord confounded the language of the people, and swore in his wrath that they should be scattered upon all the face of the earth" (Ether 1:33). Jared, fearing that he and his people would also have their language confounded and be scattered, asked his brother<3> to call upon the Lord for mercy. The Lord was merciful and Jared and his family were led to "[a] land of promise" (Ether 2:8). At the time when Jared and his brother began to be old, they called the people together "that we may number them, that we may know of them what they will desire of us before we go down to our graves" (Ether 6:19). The people desired a king, which displeased both Jared and his brother (Ether 6:23). However, Jared convinced his brother that they should accept the will of the people (Ether 6:24), and so that Orihah, youngest son of Jared, was named king after all his older brothers refused to be king (Ether 6:25-27). After Orihah was annointed king we only have this final reference to Jared "And it came to pass that Jared died, and his brother also." (Ether 6:29) (See Moriancumer for a more complete discussion of the events preceeding the Jaredites arrival in the new world.)

Jared(2). Son of Omer (Ether 8:1) and brother to Esrom and Coriantumr (Ether 8:4). Jared rebelled against his father, first drawing away half the kingdom (Ether 8:2) and eventually capturing the kingdom from his father (Ether 8:3). His brothers eventually defeated him in battle and restored their father to his throne (Ether 8:6), but Jared continued to lust after power and glory (Ether 8:7). He devised a scheme with the help of his daughter to lure Akish into assassinating Omer (Ether 8:10-12). Omer fled before he could be murdered, and Jared once again reigned as king (Ether 9:4). He should have suspected that if Akish had been willing to murder one king (Omer) he would be willing to murder another, because that's exactly what happened. Akish and Jared's daugther (now husband and wife) had Jared murdered "as he sat upon his throne, giving audience to his people" (Ether 9:5).

Jared, brother of. See Moriancumr.

Jarom. Son of Enos and one of the authors of the Book of Mormon (Jarom 1:1). Jarom was a righteous man and a prophet to the Nephites (Jarom 1:4). He didn't feel that his revelations deserved a place beside those of Lehi, Nephi, and Jacob (Jarom 1:2).

Jeneum. A Nephite commander who served under Mormon(2) (Mormon 6:14).

Jeremiah. Another of the twelve disciples chosen by the Savior to lead the Nephites (3 Nephi 19:4).

Jonas(1). Son of Timothy and nephew of Nephi(4) (3 Nephi 19:4). He was called by the Savior to be one of the twelve disciples to lead the Nephites.

Jonas(2). Another of the twelve disciples chosen by the Savior to lead the Nephites (3 Nephi 19:4).

Joseph. The sixth and last son of Lehi, and one of two that were born in the wilderness after Lehi and Sariah fled from Jerusalem. He was faithful and obedient to his father, and was concecrated a priest and teacher by his older brother, Nephi(1) (Jacob 1:18). He is last mentioned in conjunction with his brother, Jacob, as they renounced the wickedness that had crept in among the Nephites.

Josh. A Nephite commander who served under Mormon(2) (Mormon 6:14).

Kib. In the Jaredite genealogy the son of Orihah and the father of Shule (Ether 1:31-32) and Corihor (Ether 7:3). When Corihor was thirty two he rebelled against his father and established his own kingdom in the land of Nehor (Ether 7:4). After building up a large army, Corihor invaded his father's kingdom and took him captive. Kib lived in captivity for some time before Shule was born. Shule battled his brother and regained the kingdom for his father (see Shule)(Ether 7:8-10).

Kim. In the Jaredite genealogy the son of Morianton and the father of Levi (Ether 1:21:22). Kim received the kingdom from his father and reigned for eight years before his father died. Kim was not a righteous king "wherefore he was not favored of the Lord." (Ether 10:13) He was taken captive when his brother rebelled against him and lived in captivity the remainder of his days (Ether 10:14).

Kimnor. A Jaredite who had a son named Akish (Ether 8:10; see Akish).

Kish. In the Jaredite genealogy the son of Corom and Father of Lib (Ether 1:18-19). Kish inherited a peaceful kingdom from his father, reigned during a time of peace, and passed the kingdom on to his son (Ether 10:17-18).

Kishkumen. An assassin hired by followers of Paanchi after Paanchi's failed rebellion (see Helaman 1:1-9). Kishkumen murdered Pahoran(2) and escaped before being captured (Helaman 1:9-10). He swore his fellow conspirators to silence (Helaman 1:11), following the pattern that Satan had used since Cain murdered Abel. He then went into hiding, biding his time for another opportunity to gain power in the kingdom (Helaman 1:12). Eventually Helaman was appointed chief judge and Kishkumen began devising another assination scheme (Helaman 2:1-3). His plan was to murder Helaman and replace him with Gadianton, after which Gadianton would repay him and his gang by placing them in positions of authority in the government (Helaman 2:5). Kishkumen conspired with one of Helaman's servents to gain access to Helaman, not knowing that this servent was actually Helaman's spy (Helaman 2:6). On the night of the assassination, Helaman's servent led Kishkumen as if to take him to Helaman, but stabbed and killed him before actual getting to Helaman (Helaman 2:9).

Korihor. Mormon(2) selected several distinct "bad guys" to include in his summary because the philosophies of these men epitomize the various teachings Satan uses to deceive men. Korihor was the embodiment of the natural man (Mosiah 3:19) and in our day would be called an atheist (although before Alma he sounded more like an agnostic). He said that belief in God was the result of the "foolish traditions of [their] fathers" (Alma 30:14) which brought about "the effect of a frenzied mind" (Alma 30:16). He taught that "every man prospered according to his genius, and that every man conquered according to his strength; and whatsoever a man did was no crime." (Alma 30:17) His followers committed great wickedness because he had convinced them "that when a man was dead, that was the end thereof." (Alma 30:18) He took his teachings to the people of Ammon, who were wise enough to recognize his teachings for what they were and kick him out of their land (Alma 30:20-21). He went to the land of Gideon and again began teaching his atheistic philosophy. He didn't have much success their, either, and was taken before the chief judge, Giddonah. In great defiance, he accused Giddonah of using religion to keep his people in bondage (Alma 30:23-28). Giddonah, seeing the hardness of his heart, had him taken to Zarahemla to be judged by Alma and the chief judge (Alma 30:29). He reviled against Alma and the priests and teachers of the church, but Alma accused Korihor of knowing the truth, but lying to deceive the people he taught (Alma 30:42). Korihor demanded a sign that what Alma said was true. Alma's response was "Thou hast had signs enough; will ye tempt your God? Will ye say, Show unto me a sign, when ye have the testimony of all these thy brethren, and also all the holy prophets? The scriptures are laid before thee, yea, and all things denote there is a God; yea, even the earth, and all things that are upon the face of it, yea, and its motion, yea, and also all the planets which move in their regular form do witness that there is a Supreme Creator." (Alma 30:44) Korihor insisted on a sign, and Alma, knowing the great wickedness of this man, finally granted unto him a sign that would also put an end to his wickedness: he caused him to become speechless as a sign of God's power (Alma 30:49-50). Korihor, now reduced to writing his words, conceded that there must be a God because "nothing save it were the power of God could bring this upon me." He also confessed "I always knew that there was a God." (Alma 30:52). He said that Satan had appeared to him in the form of an angel and sent him forth to "reclaim this people" (Alma 30:53). He asked Alma to restore his speech, but Alma told him that if his speech was restored he would go right back to his old pattern of lying (Alma 30:55). Korihor spent the short time remaining begging for food (Alma 30: 56) and was eventually trampled to death by the Zoramites (Alma 30:59) who had no charity in their hearts for the poor and the needy (Alma 30:2-3).

Kumen. Another of the twelve disciples chosen by the Savior to lead the Nephites (3 Nephi 19:4).

Kumenonhi. Another of the twelve disciples chosen by the Savior to lead the Nephites (3 Nephi 19:4).

Laban. One of the prominent elders (implied by 1 Nephi 4:22) of Jerusalem at the time Lehi fled with his family. He had custody of the brass plates that Lehi's sons were to retrieve. He was killed by Nephi(1) at the command of the Lord (1 Nephi 4:10) when Nephi(1) found him in a drunken stupor on the streets of Jerusalem. Ironically, his sword became a symbol of leadership and was wielded in defense of freedom by a number of Nephite leaders.

Lachoneus(1). Chief judge of the Nephites when the sign of the birth of Christ was given (3 Nephi 1:1,15). Lachoneus was a righteous man (3 Nephi 3:12) who ruled during a time of great wickedness (3 Nephi 2:3,10). Bands of Gadianton became so numerous and so bold that they threatened the existence of the Nephite and Lamanite societies (3 Nephi 2:12-13). Giddianhi, a leader of the Gadiantons, wrote a letter to Lachoneus offering a brazen solution to the problem Lachoneus faced: "And I write this epistle unto you, Lachoneus, and I hope that ye will deliver up your lands and your possessions, without the shedding of blood, that this my people may recover their rights and government, who have dissented away from you because of your wickedness in retaining from them their rights of government, and except ye do this, I will avenge their wrongs. I am Giddianhi." (3 Nephi 3:10) The people wanted to attack the Gadiantons in their mountain and wilderness hideouts, but Lachoneus knew that would not work. He knew that it would take a change of heart and a return to righteousness to defeat the Gadiantons. He suggested a different and very radical approach: "therefore we will prepare ourselves in the center of our lands, and we will gather all our armies together, and we will not go against them, but we will wait till they shall come against us; therefore as the Lord liveth, if we do this he will deliver them into our hands." (3 Nephi 3:21). This plan was successful and after a time the power of the Gadiantons was destroyed.

Lachoneus(2). Son of Lachoneus(1) and chief judge after his father. In spite of the efforts of his father and their miraculous deliverance from the Gadiantons, the people quickly returned to their wicked ways, willfully sinning against God until "they were in a state of awful wickedness" (3 Nephi 6:17-18). Although he is not explicitly named, it appears that Lachoneus was the chief judge murdered by men conspiring to establish a king over the Nephites (see 3 Nephi 6:17-19,30; 7:1)

Lamah. One of the Nephite commanders under Mormon(2) (Mormon 6:14).

Laman(1). Lehi's oldest son. He was a faithless person who had an occasional desire to live righteously.

Laman(2). King of Lamanites during the time of Zeniff's expedition.

Laman(3). A Lamanite member of Captain Moroni's army(Alma 55:4). He volunteered to take wine to the Lamanites guarding captured Nephites in the city of Gid (Alma 55:7). After drinking the wine they fell asleep, allowing Moroni's men to arm the captives inside the city and thus recapture the city from the Lamanites.

Lamoni. Lamanite king over the land of Ishmael when Ammon, Aaron, Omner, and Himni went on their mission to the Lamanites. Lamoni was impressed with Ammon on their first meeting and would have taken Ammon in as a son-in-law (Alma 17:24). After hearing about Ammon's valiant stand at the waters of Sebus, and seeing his diligence in heeding every request made of him, Lamoni became convinced that Ammon was more than a mortal man (Alma 18:2,10). Desiring to know more about Ammon and his purpose, he summoned Ammon and after perceiving that Ammon could know his thoughts asked "Who art thou? Art thou that Great Spirit, who knows all things?" (Alma 18:18) From this question Alma taught him the plan of salvation, which Lamoni believed. So great was his desire to believe Ammon's teachings that he and his wife were overcome and fell to the ground as if dead. Abish (see Abish) ran to assemble the people, thinking that this would convince them of the power of the Nephite God. The crowd was stirred to anger by men who had been defeated by Ammon at the waters of Sebus, and fearing for his safety, Ammon took King Lamoni by the hand and woke him. King Lamoni calmed the people and allowed Ammon to establish a church among his people (Alma 20:1). Later, King Lamoni accompanied Ammon to the land of Middoni to gain the release of Aaron, Muloki, and Ammah from King Antiomno.

Lamoni's. father King of all the Lamanites at the time Ammon, Aaron, Omner, and Himni went on their mission to the Lamanites. When Lamoni failed to attend a feast given by the king for his sons, he traveled to the land of Ishmael to see what had happened to Lamoni (Alma 20:9). He encountered Ammon and Lamoni traveling from the land of Ishmael to the land of Middoni (Alma 20:7-8). After an angry exchange of words, he attempted to kill his son, Lamoni. Ammon defended Lamoni, and defeated the king. As a condition of sparing the king's life, he insisted that Lamoni be allowed to continue as king. Lamoni's father was astonished at Ammon's devotion to his son and granted Ammon's desires. Later, Aaron taught the king and so great was his faith that he had an experience similar to that of his son. His question to Aaron is one that we should all consider: "What shall I do that I may have this eternal life of which thou hast spoken? Yea, what shall I do that I may be born of God, having this wicked spirit rooted out of my breast, and receive his Spirit, that I may be filled with joy, that I may not be cast off at the last day?" (Alma 22:15). His acceptance of the gospel was so complete that he, and all those of his people that accepted the gospel, selected a new name whereby they would be distinguished from the other Lamanites, Amalekites and Amulonites who had rejected the gospel. The name they selected was Anti-Nephi-Lehi. Prior to the king's death he conferred the kingdom upon his son and called him by the name of Anti-Nephi-Lehi (Alma 24:3-4).

Lehi(1). Father of Laman, Lemuel, Sam, Nephi, Jacob, Joseph. Married to Sariah. He was a wealthy man, possibly a merchant. Lehi lived during the time of king Zedekiah and the prophet Jeremiah. He saw the destruction of Jerusalem in a vision, and was commanded to flee with his family to a place the Lord had prepared for them. His vision of the Tree of Life is a remarkable depiction of the plan of salvation. In spite of a single incident where his faith faltered (the broken bow), he lead his family with faith and great patience. He died in the new world after a difficult journey across the ocean.

Lehi(2). One of the sons of Zoram(2), and a commander in the Nephite armies at the time of Alma the Younger (see Zoram(2)). This is the same Lehi (Alma 49:16) who later served as a commander under Moroni(1). He was instrumental in helping Moroni in several key battles (Alma 53;2) and was appointed commander over the army guarding the city of Noah and later the city of Lehi. The Lamanites feared Lehi (Alma 49:17), who was a righteous and faithful servant of the Lord (Alma 53:2). He was a beloved friend of Moroni(1) and also held in high esteem by the people of Lehi. It may have been his valiant service that inspiried Helaman to name one of his sons Lehi.

Lehi(3). The youngest son of Helaman(Helaman 3:21). Along with his brother Nephi(3), he preached with such power and authority that many Nephites and Lamanites repented of their wicked ways (Helaman 5:17-19).

Lehi's Daughters. Mentioned only in 2 Nephi 5:6, they may have married Ishmael's sons, although that may not have been the case since they followed Nephi(1) (2 Nephi 5:6), and Ishmael's sons didn't appear to have that same confidence in Nephi(1) (see 1 Nephi 7:6, 1 Nephi 16:20, 35-39).

Lehonti. Lehonti was a Lamanite general who learned the hard way that there is no honor among thieves. After Amalickiah fled from the Nephites he established himself with the Lamanites and stirred up trouble against the Nephites so much so that the king of the Lamanites commanded that all his men should gather in preparation for another war against the Nephite. Amalickiah (having stirred up the whole thing in the beginning) then was placed in charge of the army of those that were obedient to the king. He then took this army to the hill Antipus where the disobedient Lamanites had taken refuge (Lamanite draft dodgers ?). In a secret meeting with Lehonti, the commander of this group of renegades, Amilickiah arranged to allow his army to be captured if Lehonti would make him second in command. Lehonti agreed to this and the next day Amalickiah's men woke to find themselves surrounded by the rebel army. They surrendered, and Amalickiah was made second in command as promised. As soon as he had the position, he had a servent poison Lehonti in small doses until Lehonti finally died (Alma 47:1-19).

Lemuel. The second son of Lehi. He was a follower, and allowed his older brother Laman to drag him into rebellion. Almost always mentioned in conjunction with Laman(1).

Levi. Son of Kim in the Jaredite genealogy (Ether 1:21), and father of Corom.

Lib. In the Jaredite genealogy the son of Kish and the father of Hearthom (Ether 1:17-18). Lib received the kingdom from his father and ruled righteously for a time. During the reign of Heth the people were so wicked that the Lord sent a drought, which caused a great famine (Ether 9:28-30) in the land. Poisonous serpents also infested part of the land to the extent that it was not safe to live there (Ether 9:31-33). During the time of Lib these serpents were destroyed and the people could safely travel to the lands southward to hunt (Ether 10:19). Because of their righteousness this was also a time of great economic prosperity for the Jaredites (Ether 10:22). They developed mines and mined gold, silver, iron, and copper, which they made into works of great intricacy (Ether 10:22). They made fine fabrics (Ether 10:23), tools (Ether 10:25-26), and weapons of war (Ether 10:27). Lib lived a long life and then bestowed the kingdom on his son Hearthom (Ether 10:29-30).

Limhah. One of the Nephite commanders under Mormon(2) (Mormon 6:14).

Limher. One of the soldiers Alma sent out to watch the camp of the Amlicites after their battle with them on the east of the river Sidon.

Limhi. Son of Noah, and king of Zeniff's people at the time they were discovered by Ammon(1) (Mosiah 7:9). He was a righteous man who acknowledged with wickedness of his father (Mosiah 19:7). After living under Lamanite control for some time, he (with the help of Gideon (Alma 1:8)) lead his people to Zarahemla where they were united with the Nephites and became subject to King Mosiah (Mosiah 22:13).

Luram. Mentioned by Mormon(2) in a letter to his son Moroni (Mormon 9:2). It would appear that he was a commander in Mormon(2)'s army.

Mahah. One of the sons of Jared (Ether 6:14).

Manti. One of the soldiers Alma sent out to watch the camp of the Amlicites after their battle with them on the east of the river Sidon.

Mathoni. Another of the twelve disciples chosen by the Savior to lead the Nephites (3 Nephi 19:4), and brother to Mathonihah.

Mathonihah. Another of the twelve disciples chosen by the Savior to lead the Nephites (3 Nephi 19:4), and brother to Mathoni.

Moriancumer. The brother of Jared(1) and one of the founders of the Jaredite colony. He is referred to as the brother of Jared exclusively in the Book of Mormon (see Endnote 3 for a discussion regarding our knowledge of his name). Jared, his brother, and their families lived at the time of the Tower of Babel (Ether 1:33). When Jared saw what was happening because of the wickedness of the world, he appealed to his brother to petition the Lord to spare him, his family, and their friends (Ether 1:34-37). The Lord commanded the brother of Jared to "gather together thy flocks, both male and female, of every kind; and also of the seed of the earth of every kind; and thy families; and also Jared thy brother and his family; and also thy friends and their families, and the friends of Jared and their families. And when thou hast done this thou shalt go at the head of them down into the valley which is northward. And there will I meet thee, and I will go before thee into a land which is choice above all the lands of the earth." (Ether 1:41-42) They were obedient and they went "down into the valley which was northward ... with their flocks which they had gathered together, male and female, of every kind. And they did also lay snares and catch fowls of the air; and they did also prepare a vessel, in which they did carry with them the fish of the waters. And they did also carry with them deseret, which, by interpretation, is a honey bee; and thus they did carry with them swarms of bees, and all manner of that which was upon the face of the land, seeds of every kind." The Lord went before these people as they traveled across a wilderness and over many waters until they arrived at a place called Moriancumr, which was on the shore of the sea (Ether 2:5,13). Apparently, the brother of Jared became lax in his prayers, because after dwelling at Moriancumr for four years, the Lord came before the brother of Jared and talked with him and chastened him "for the space of three hours" (Ether 2:14). The brother of Jared repented and following the instructions of the Lord, built eight barges (Ether 3:1) to take them across the ocean. Once the barges were complete he faced another problem: how to get light in them. The brother of Jared used a unique blend of ingenuity and faith to solve the problem. He " and did molten out of a rock sixteen small stones; and they were white and clear, even as transparent glass". Carrying them to the top of a mountain he cried unto the Lord to "touch these stones, O Lord, with thy finger, and prepare them that they may shine forth in darkness; and they shall shine forth unto us in the vessels which we have prepared, that we may have light while we shall cross the sea." (Ether 3:1,4) The Lord did put forth his finger, and so great was the faith of the brother of Jared that he saw the finger of the Lord. Following this, he was privileged to see in vision a great panoramic view of the inhabitants and events of the world (Ether 3:25). So great were the things that he saw that Moroni was commanded to seal them after he had written them in his record (Ether 4:5). After an eleven and a half month voyage (Ether 6:11) across the ocean they arrived at the land the Lord had promised them where they began to build a colony (Ether 6:13). When the brother of Jared was old, the people wanted him to name a king that would rule over them (Ether 6:22). He did not want to do this, knowing that an unrighteous king was a grievous burden, but after consultation with Jared they agreed. None of the sons of the brother of Jared would agree to become king (Ether 6:25-26).

Morianton. Leader of a group of Nephites who got in a border dispute with the people of the land of Lehi (Alma 50:25-26). Morianton's people invaded Lehi, causing the people of Lehi to appeal to Moroni(1) for help (Alma 50:26-27). Morianton and his people fled northward, fearful that Moroni would kill them for their aggression. Morianton might have succeeded with his plans if he had not lost his temper. He became angry at one of his female servant and beat her severely (Alma 50:30). She fled from Morianton's camp and went to Moroni where she informed him of Morianton's plans. Fearing another Nephite-Lamanite alliance like that formed by Amalickiah, Moroni moved quickly. Teancum was sent with an army that met Morianton's group "by the narrow pass which led by the sea into the land northward" where a battle ensued (Alma 50:34). Teancum killed Morianton and defeated his army (Alma 50:35).

Mormon(1). The father of Mormon(2) (Mormon 1:5).

Mormon(2). Mormon was one of the two abridgers of the numerous records that went into making up the Book of Mormon, the other being his son, Moroni. His is the voice that narrates the story of the Book of Mormon. It is almost impossible to read more than a page without encountering Mormon. In one of his editorial interludes he introduced himself by saying: "And behold, I am called Mormon, being called after the land of Mormon, the land in which Alma did establish the church among the people, yea, the first church which was established among them after their transgression. Behold, I am a disciple of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. I have been called of him to declare his word among his people, that they might have everlasting life ... I am Mormon, and a pure descendant of Lehi. I have reason to bless my God and my Savior Jesus Christ, that he brought our fathers out of the land of Jerusalem, (and no one knew it save it were himself and those whom he brought out of that land) and that he hath given me and my people so much knowledge unto the salvation of our souls." (3 Nephi 5:12, 20) Mormon had all the makings of a bigger-than-life hero. He was given a charge at the age of ten that was he was twenty four he was to assume custody of the Nephite records (Mormon 1:2-3). The people of Mormon's time were very wicked (Mormon 1:13), but Mormon was very righteous and was visited by the Lord at the age of fifteen (Mormon 1:15). The people were so wicked that Mormon was forbidden to preach to the. Because of his size, and because he was a natural leader, Mormon was appointed to lead the Nephite armies when he was about sixteen years old (Mormon 2:1-2). He spent the next sixty years (see Mormon 2:1, 6:5) trying to save his people from total destruction. Finally all but twenty four Nephites were destroyed or scattered by the Lamanites (Mormon 6:11). We don't know how long after this great battle Mormon lived because Moroni wrote about his death without telling when it happened (Mormon 8:2).

Moron. In the Jaredite genealogy the son of Ethem and the father of Coriantor (Ether 1:7-8). Like his father before him, Moron "Moron did that which was wicked before the Lord." (Ether 11:14) Moron lost half his kingdom in a rebellion, and after many years won it back again (Ether 11:15-16). Then "there arose another mighty man; and he was a descendant of the brother of Jared. And it came to pass that he did overthrow Moron and obtain the kingdom" (Ether 11:17- 18). Moron lived in captivity the remainder of his days.

Moroni(1). A Nephite military leader during the time of Alma and Helaman. Moroni was appointed as commander of all the Nephite armies when he was twenty five years old (Alma 43:16-17). He was a military genius at a time when the Nephites needed such a leader. Almost immediately he began clothing his armies in protective clothing (the word armor brings the connotation of medieval knights in full-body armor, which is not what the Nephites wore) (Alma 43:18-19), and he began fortifying the Nephite cities that were nearest the Lamanite borders (Alma 49:2- 3). He was also willing to use strategem when that would accomplish what he wanted (Alma 43:30). What made Moroni such a remarkable leader was that his military genius was balanced with compassion (Alma 43:54), humility (Alma 60:36), thankfulness (Alma 48:12), faith (Alma 44:1-3; 48:13), and honesty (Alma 44:11). The exchange of letters between Moroni and Pahorah show the greatness of both men (see Alma 60-62) as they put aside personal considerations to deal with significant problems they both faced. During his military career, Moroni dealt with Zarahemna, Amalickiah, Morianton (sending Teancum to stop their flight), Jacob, Pachus and the king-men, and Ammoron, and the various armies they led. He was wounded in the battle with Jacob (Alma 52:35), and appeared to have been on the move constantly, checking fortifications, inspiring his men, and trying to anticipate the next move the Lamanites would make. After seventeen years of this life he turned over control of the armies to his son Moronihah, "and he retired to his own house that he might spend the remainder of his days in peace." (Alma 62:43). His rest, which began in the thirty fifth year of the reign of the judges (Alma 62:52) didn't last long because "... it came to pass that Moroni died also. And thus ended the thirty and sixth year of the reign of the judges." (Alma 63:3). Moroni would have been about forty three years old when he died. Mormon, who must have admired Moroni a great deal (it's likely he named his son after this Moroni) wrote this epitath for Moroni: "Yea, verily, verily I say unto you, if all men had been, and were, and ever would be, like unto Moroni, behold, the very powers of hell would have been shaken forever; yea, the devil would never have power over the hearts of the children of men." (Alma 48:17)

Moroni(2). A city

Moronihah. And Moroni yielded up the command of his armies into the hands of his son, whose name was Moronihah Moronihah took possession of the city of Zarahemla again, and caused that the Lamanites which had been taken prisoners, should depart out of the land in peace.

Mosiah(1). Father of Benjamin and king of the Nephite people at the time they encountered the people of Zarahemla.

Mosiah(2). Son of King Benjamin.

Mulek. Now the land south was called Lehi, and the land north was called Mulek, which was after the sons of Zedekiah; for the Lord did bring Mulek into the land north, and Lehi into the land south. And now will ye dispute that Jerusalem was destroyed? Will ye say that the sons of Zedekiah were not slain, all except it were Mulek?

Muloki. One of Ammon's companions on his mission to the Lamanites (Alma 20:2, Alma 21:11).

Nahom. And it came to pass that Ishmael died, and was buried in the place which was called Nahom

Naphtali. the land of Naphtali,

Nehor. man who killed Gideon ...there was a man brought before him to be judged; a man which was large, and was noted for his much strength; and he had gone about among the people, preaching to them that which he termed to be the word of God, bearing down against the church; declaring unto the people that every priest and teacher had ought to become popular; and they ought not to labor with their own hands, but they had ought to be supported by the people; ....his name was Nehor; and they carried him upon the top of the hill Manti, and there he was caused, or rather did acknowledge, between the heavens and the earth, that what we had taught to the people was contrary to the word of God; and there he suffered an ignominious death.

Nephi(1). The son of Lehi and Sariah, he began his narrative with: "I, Nephi, having been born of goodly parents, therefore I was taught somewhat in all the learning of my father; and having seen many afflictions in the course of my days, nevertheless, having been highly favored of the Lord in all my days; yea, having had a great knowledge of the goodness and the mysteries of God, therefore I make a record of my proceedings in my days." (1 Nephi 1:1) Such is the beginning of the Book of Mormon. Nephi was born in or near Jerusalem at approximately 615-600 B.C. He had three older brothers: Laman, Lemuel, and Sam. It would appear that his father Lehi was a wealthy man (see 1 Nephi 2:4, 3:22). Nephi was obedient to his father's wishes, and had great respect for his father (see 1 Nephi 3:6-7; 11:2-5; 16:18-23; 17:49). He was instrumental in getting his father's family through the desert and to the new world. Nephi had great faith in Heavenly Father (see 1 Nephi 3:7; 7:12) and didn't hesitate to ask for help when he needed it (see 1 Nephi 7:17; 11:1; 18:21). Nephi married one of the daughters of Ishmael (1 Nephi 16:7), and had several children prior to sailing to the new world (1 Nephi 18:19). He is the first author encountered in the Book of Mormon, and hewrote both the Large Plates of Nephi (a political and historical record of his people), and the Small Plates of Nephi (a religious record). Once in the new world he was a dedicated and righteous leader. Jacob described his service with these words: "The people ... loved Nephi exceedingly, he having been a great protector for them, having wielded the sword of Laban in their defence, and having labored in all his days for their welfare" (Jacob 1:10).

Nephi(2). The ruler of the Nephites after the death of Nephi(1) (Jacob 1:9). We don't know what his name was prior to become leader of the Nephites because he took upon himself the name of Nephi when he was appointed their leader.(Jacob 1:11).

Nephi(3). The oldest son of Helaman(3) (Helaman 3:21). He became the chief judge over the church after his father died (Helaman 3:37). He preached with such power and authority that many Nephites and Lamanites repented of their wicked ways (Helaman 5:17-19).

Nephi(4). Son of Nephi(3) and grandson of Helaman(3)(3 Nephi 1:2, Preface to 3 Nephi). He was made custodian of the records before his father disappeared (3 Nephi 1:2, 3 Nephi 2:9). Shortly after he became chief high priest the people began to disbelieve the words of Samuel the Lamanite. They reconned that the prophesied time of the Savior's birth had passed, and they set a date upon which all believers in Christ would be put to death (3 Nephi 1:9). Nephi was dismayed and saddened by the wickedness of the people, and went to the Lord in prayer for comfort and inspiration on behalf of those that still believed (3 Nephi 1:10-11). After praying many hours (3 Nephi 1:12) he heard a voice say "Lift up your head and be of good cheer; for behold, the time is at hand, and on this night shall the sign be given, and on the morrow come I into the world, to show unto the world that I will fulfill all that which I have caused to be spoken by the mouth of my holy prophets. Behold, I come unto my own, to fulfill all things which I have made known unto the children of men from the foundation of the world, and to do the will, both of the Father and of the Son--of the Father because of me, and of the Son because of my flesh. And behold, the time is at hand, and this night shall the sign be given." (3 Nephi 1:13-14). That night the sun went down, but there was no darkness. The people (especially the wicked) were so astonished that many of them fainted and fell to the ground as if dead (3 Nephi 1:16). Many repented and were baptized (3 Nephi 1:23). Peace prevailed for a time, but Satan had great hold over the people and wickedness soon prevailed again as people began to forget the sign given at the Savior's birth (3 Nephi 2:1-3). Gangs of Gadianton robbers became prevelant, and eventually threatened the destruction of the entire Nephite civilization (See 3 Nephi 3, 4). After a series of bitter wars with the robbers, peace was once again established in the land, but it was peace based on strict laws, and not because of righteous living (3 Nephi 7:14). Nephi preached with great power among the people,and many of them rejected his message (3 Nephi 7:17-18). He did have a measure of success and there were some who repented and received the ordinances of salvation (3 Nephi 7: 25-26). Nephi was the first of the twelve disciples chosen by the Savior when he appeared in the new world (3 Nephi 11:21-22, 19:4). He was also first to be baptized as a member of the church the Savior established among the Nephites (3 Nephi 19:11), and he was also the one who had to be remined by the Savior that Samuel the Lamanite's words had not been recorded in the records (3 Nephi 23:8-13). Nephi wrote many great and marvelous things that the Savior spoke, but Mormon(2) was forbidden to write all of them (3 Nephi 26:6,11-12). Nephi was not one of the Three Nephites because his death is recorded by his son, Amos (4 Nephi 1:19)

Nephi(5). The son of Nephi and great-grandson of Helaman (see Title of 4th Nephi). He received the plates from his father, and turned them over to his son, Amos (4 Nephi 1:19).

Nephi(1)'s wife. One of Ismael's daughters(1 Nephi 16:7). Nephihah. The man who was appointed chief judge when Alma(2) gave up the judgement seat to devote his time solely to the ministry (Alma 4:16-18). Nephihah was the second man to serve as chief judge(Alma 50:37), Alma(2) having been the first selected when King Mosiah established the rule of the judges (Mosiah 29:42).

Neum. An Israelite prophet of Old Testament times who is not mentioned in the Old Testament. According to Nephi, Neum testified of Christ's crucifixion (1 Nephi 19:10).

Nimrah. The son of Akish (Ether 9:7-8). He was angry at the treatment his brother received at the hands of Akish (Ether 9:8). He fled with a small group of men and went to live with Omer. Although not mentioned again specifically, we can reasonably surmise that he was one of the sons of Akish that waged a terrible war against his father (Ether 9:11-12).

Nimrod. The son of Cohor (Ether 7:22). After the death of his father in a battle with Shule, Cohor relinquished control of the kingdom to Shule, and was then placed in a position of power in Shule's kingdom (Ether 7:20-22).

Noah(1). The son of Zeniff (Mosiah 7:9). He was a very wicked and despotic ruler over his people, seeking only the gratification of his own desires (Mosiah 11:2). He levied heavy taxes on his people to support his lifestyle (Mosiah 11:3,6), and he did little to ensure their safety from Lamanite raids (Mosiah 11:16-17). Noah, knowing that he was sinning, replaced the priests consecrated by his father, with men who would take part in his wickedness (Mosiah 11:5). When Abinadi came among them, preaching of their wickedness they were offended and attempted to destroy him (Mosiah 11:27-28). Two years later, when Abinadi returned a second time, he was taken before Noah when the people became angry at his teachings (Mosiah 12:29). Noah listened to the words of Abinadi, and almost faltered in his decision to have him put to death because he feared the judgements that Abinadi had pronounced on him (Mosiah 17:11). His priests convinced him otherwise, and he had Abinadi burned alive, which fate Abinadi promised to Noah (Mosiah 17:5). Noah fled during a Lamanite invasion after nearly losing his life in a fight with Gideon (see Gideon). In the battle that ensued as he fled, Noah convinced some of his followers to desert their families to follow him (Mosiah 19:11-12). Later, regretting their decision to leave their families, they attempted to return. When Noah forbade them to leave, they burned him alive, thus fulfilling Abinadi's prophecy (Mosiah 19:19-20).

Noah(2). The son of Corihor (Ether 7:14). He rebelled against his uncle, Shule, the king, and led away a number of his family to establish a separate kingdom (Ether 7:15,20). He captured Shule in a battle and on the night he was going to kill Shule, the sons of Shule broke into Noah's house and freed him.

Omer. In the Jaredite genealogy the son of Shule and the father of Emer (Ether 1:29-30). Omer was annointed king by his father and ruled for a time before his son, Jared overthrew him and took him into captivity. He lived in captivity "the half of his days" before being restored to power by children that he had reared in captivity (Ether 8:4-6). Even though he had lost his kingdom, Jared did not lose his lust for power and glory (Ether 8:7) and he plotted quietly to have his father murdered. The Lord warned Omer of the plot, and he fled before he could be murdered (Ether 9:3). Later, when Akish and his sons had reduced their kingdom to a mere handful of people, Omer was restored to his former kingdom (Ether 9:12-13). Omer annointed his son, Emer, to be the king two years prior to his death (Ether 9:15). In spite of being a righteous man, Omer saw many days of darkness and despair because of the wickedness of the people and especially some of his family.

Omner One of the sons of King Mosiah (Mosiah 27:34) and one of them that accompanied Ammon on his mission to the Lamanites. Omner is only mentioned in connection with the other members of the group (see Alma 22:35; 23:1; 25:17; 27:19). He also went with Alma to preach to the Zoramites (Alma 31:6). He is only mentioned one more time, and that's in the prayer that Alma offers at the beginning of their mission after he had seen how wicked the Zoramites had become (Alma 31:32).

Omni Son of Jarom (Omni 1:1). He is the only wicked person (by his own admission (Omni 1:2)) who was a keeper of the records at the time that he was wicked. He was a soldier by profession (Omni 1:2).

Onidah. Now as Alma was teaching and speaking unto the people upon the hill Onidah

Onihah. a city

Ophir. I will make a man more precious than fine gold; even a man than the golden wedge of Ophir

Oreb. And the Lord of hosts shall stir up a scourge for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb

Orihah. a Jaredite king ...and Kib was the son of Orihah, which was the son of Jared; ...and Orihah, he was anointed to be king over the people. And he began to reign, and the people began to prosper; and they became exceeding rich.

Paanchi. Now these are there names which did contend for the judgment seat, which did also cause the people to contend; Pahoran, Paanchi, and Pacumeni ...Paanchi, and that part of the people that were desirous that he should be their governor, was exceeding wroth; therefore he was about to flatter away those people to rise up in rebellion against their brethren.

Pachus. Moroni had gathered together whatsoever men he could in all his march, he came to the land of Gideon; and uniting his forces with that of Pahoran, they became exceeding strong, even stronger than the men of Pachus, which was the king of those dissenters which had driven out the freemen out of the land of Zarahemla, and had taken possession of the land. And behold, Pachus was slain, and his men were taken prisoners; and Pahoran was restored to his judgment seat.

Pacumeni. Now these are there names which did contend for the judgment seat, which did also cause the people to contend; Pahoran, Paanchi, and Pacumeni And it came to pass that Pacumeni, when he saw that he could not obtain the judgment seat, he did unite with the voice of the people And now behold, Pacumeni was appointed, according to the voice of the people, to be a Chief Judge and a govereor over the people, to reign in the stead of his brother Pahoran; and it was according to his right. And all this was done, in the fortieth year of the reign of the Judges; and it had an end.

Pagag. And it came to pass that they chose even the first born of the brother of Jared; and his name was Pagag. And it came to pass that he refused and would not be their king. And the people would that his father should constrain him; but his father would not; and he commanded them that they should constrain no man to be their king.

Pahoran(1). Now behold, his name was Pahoran. And Pahoran did fill the seat of his father, and did commence his reign in the end of the twenty and fourth year, over the people of Nephi. ...the voice of the people came in the favor of the freemen, and Pahoran retained the judgment seat, which caused much rejoicing among the brethren of Pahoran, and also many of the people of liberty; which also put the king-men to silence

Pahoran(2). ...which were the sons of Pahoran. Now these are there names which did contend for the judgment seat, which did also cause the people to contend; Pahoran, Paanchi, and Pacumeni

Palestina. Rejoice not thou, whole Palestina, because the rod of him that smote thee is broken: for out of the serpent's root shall come forth a cockatrice, and his fruit shall be a fiery flying serpent.

Pathros. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros

Pekah. And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, and Rezin, king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up towards Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it.

Pharaoh. let us be strong like unto Moses: For he truly spake unto the waters of the Red Sea, and they divided hither and thither, and our fathers came through out of captivity on dry ground, and the armies of Pharaoh did follow and were drowned in the waters of the Red Sea.

Rabbanah. and one of the king's servants said unto him, Rabbanah, which is, being interpreted, powerful, or great king, considering their kings to be powerful; and thus he said unto him, Rabbanah, the king desireth thee to stay;

Raca. But I say unto you, that whosoever is angry with his brother, shall be in danger of his judgment. And whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council; and whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire;

Rahab. Awake, awake! Put on strength O arm of the Lord: awake as in the ancient days. Art thou not it that hath cut Rahab, and wounded the dragon?

Ramah. Hill Cummorah

Remaliah. And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, and Rezin, king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up towards Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it.

Rezin. Therefore the Lord shall set up the adversaries of Rezin against him, and join his enemies together;

Riplah. And it came to pass that as the Lamanites had passed the hill Riplah, and came into the valley, and began to cross the river Sidon

Riplakish. Jaredite and Morianton was a descendant of Riplakish; And Shez did live to an exceeding old age; and he begat Riplakish, and he died. And Riplakish reigned in his stead. And it came to pass that Riplakish did not do that which was right in the sight of the Lord, for he did have many wives and concubines, and did lay that upon men's shoulders which was grievous to be borne;

Ripliancum. And it came to pass that he came to the waters of Ripliancum, which, by interpretation, is large, or to exceed all;

Samuel. Lamanite prophet And it came to pass that in this year, there was one Samuel, a Lamanite, came into the land of Zarahemla, and began to preach unto the people. And it came to pass that he did preach many-day repentance unto the people, and they did cast him out, and he was about to return to his own land. But as many as there were which did not believe in the words of Samuel, were angry with him; and they cast stones at him upon the wall, and also many shot arrows at him, as he stood upon the wall; but the spirit of the Lord was with him, insomuch that they could not hit him with their stones, neither with their arrows.

Sam. The third son of Lehi(1). He appears to have been a quiet and obedient son. He looked to his younger brother, Nephi(1), for spiritual leadership, and believed his brother's teachings(1 Nephi 2:17). Lehi(1) rejoiced to see (in his vision) Sam join Nephi(1) at theTree of Life. Sariah. Wife of Lehi(1) and mother of Laman, Lemuel, Sam, Nephi(1), Jacob, Joseph. Little is said of her in the Book of Mormon. She is often remembered for questioning her husband's wisdom in sending her sons back to Jerusalem to obtain the brass plates, but this was only after it appeared that her sons had been killed or lost in the desert of the middle east. In spite of this incident Sariah was a woman of great faith, as witnessed by her willingness to leave her comfortable surroundings to follow her husband to a new land. She must also have had no small ability as a nurse and mid-wife since her daughter-in-laws bore children in the wilderness. She must have also had a remarkable constitution, since she also had two children (Jacob and Joseph) during her travels in the wilderness at a time when she would likely have been in her thirtys or fortys. She also died in the new world.

Seantum. The brother of Seezoram. Seantum murdered his brother in secret, but his crime was revealed by Nephi(4) who had the murdered revealed to him by the power of God (Helaman 9:36).

Seezoram. The chief judge that was murdered in the days of Nephi(4) by his brother Seantum (Helaman 9:26-35).

Seth. In the Jaredite genealogy the son of Shiblon and the father of Ahah (Ether 1:10-11). Seth was taken captive when his father was killed, and lived the remainder of his life in captivity (Ether 11:9).

Shared. One of the final leaders of the Jaredites. He and his army fought Coriantumr in the valley of Gilgal for several days before being defeated (Ether 13:28). In the next battle he defeated Coriantumr (Ether 13:29). He was killed in the next battle with Coriantumr (Ether 13:30), but not before inflicting a serious wound on Coriantumr (Ether 13:31). His brother, Gilead, later carried on the battle against Coriantumr (Ether 14:3-8).

Shem. One of the Nephite commanders under Mormon(2) (Mormon 6:14).

Shemnon. Another of the twelve disciples chosen by the Savior to lead the Nephites (3 Nephi 19:4).

Sherem. The first Nephite dissident named specifically. Sherem was very articulate and intelligent, and passionate in his declarations (Jacob 7:4). He denied the existence of Christ and challenged Jacob to prove the existence of Christ. Demanding a sign, he was struck down by the Lord (Jacob 7:13-15). He was left powerless and had to be nourished by the Nephites. Finally, sensing his iminent death, he asked for an audience with the Nephites. Claiming to have been decieved by the devil, he renounced his former teachings and bore testimony of Christ. Immediately after this confession he died (Jacob 7:18-21).

Shez(1). In the Jaredite genealogy son of Heth and father of Shez(2) and Riplakish (Ether 1:24-25, 10:3). Shez inherited a broken kingdom that had been devastated by a famine brought on by wickedness (Ether 10:1, 9:28-34). He was righteous and sought to do good in the eyes of the Lord. He lived "to an exceedingly old age" before annointing Riplakish as king (Ether 10:4).

Shez(2). Son of Shez(1). He rebelled against his father (we don't know what form this rebellion took), but "was smitten by the hand of a robber, because of his exceeding riches, which brought peace again unto his father." (Ether 10:3).

Shiblom(1). A Nephite commander who served under Mormon(2) (Mormon 6:14).

Shiblom(2). The son of Com, a Jaredite king. Shiblom became king after his father (Ether 11:4), but was overthrown by his wicked brother. He was eventually slain (presumably by his brother) (Ether 11:9).

Shiblon(1). Son of Alma the Younger. He served with great patience and faithfulness with his father on their mission to the Zoramites (Alma 38:3-4, Alma 63:2). He received the plates from his father in the thirty sixth year of the reign of the judges (Alma 63:1) and died three years later (Alma 63:10).

Shiblon(2). In the Jaredite genealogy he was the son of Com and the father of Seth (Ether 1:11-12).

Shiz. The brother of Lib (Ether 14:17) and one of the final leaders of the Jaredites. He was a vicious commander who pursued and campaign of terror and destruction (Ether 14:17-18) in his effort to defeat the army of Coriantumr. Their battles were so terrible that finally only a handful of people were left in either army (Alma 15:25). Shiz was finally beheaded by Coriantumr (Ether 15:31) in a fight that lasted several days and was inturupted only when they fainted from loss of blood (Ether 15:29) and general weariness.

Shule. In the Jaredite genealogy the son of Kib and the father of Omer (Ether 1:30-31). Shule was born in captivity to his aged father Corihor (Ether 7:7). Shule's older brother, Corihor had rebelled against their father and had take control of the kingdom. The Book of Mormon states that "Shule waxed strong, and became mighty as to the strength of a man; and he was also mighty in judgment (Ether 7:8)." He became angry at Corihor's treatment of their father and wrested control of the kingdom out of Korihor's hands. Kib was grateful for Shule's faithfulness and as a reward he made him ruler (Ether 7:10). Shule was such a great man that when Corihor repented Shule gave him power in the kingdom (Ether 7:13). Later, Corihor's son, Noah, rebelled and took control of the land of Moron (perhaps the part of the kingdom over which his father had been granted power?) In a later battle he captured Shule. On the night before Noah was to execute Shule, Shule's sons crept into the house and freed him. Cohor (Noah's son) became king after Noah's death (the record doesn't say how he died). He continued the civil war started by his father, but was killed by Shule in battle. Cohor's son, Nimrod, restored his father's part of the kingdom to Shule and found great favor in Shule's eyes (Ether 7:22). Shule appears to have been a righteous man all of his life (Ether 7:27), and in later years he punished those that cast out prophets from the Lord (Ether 7:24).

Teancum. A Nephite commander under Captain Moroni during the battles with Amakickiah, Ammoron, and various Lamanite leaders. Teancum is first dispatched to intercept the people of Morianton after they had a dispute with the people of Lehi (Alma 50:25-26) and fled toward the land of Bountiful. Teancum defeated Morianton and took the remainder of his people captive and brought them back to Moroni for judgement (Alma 50:35). Later, after Moroni had put down the rebellion of the king-men, Amalickiah, who escaped into Lamanite territory, returned with an army of Lamanites and started capturing Nephite cities (Alma 51:22-27). Teancum and his army encountered Amalickiah and his army as they neared the land of Bountiful. Teancum's army stopped the Lamanite invasion and harrased Amalickiah's army until dark. Teancum, who was a great warrior (Alma 51:31), stole into Amalickiah's camp in the dark and killed Amalickiah in his sleep (Alma 51:33-34). When the Lamanites awoke the next morning to find their leader dead, they fled to the city of Mulek, which they had captured earlier (Alma 51:26). Later, Teancum's army was used as a decoy to draw the Lamanite army out of Mulek (Alma 52:22-24). After this, Teancum was given charge of fortifying the land of Bountiful using Lamanite prisoners of war to do the actual work (Alma 53:3). We next hear about him when he and Lehi are left in charge of the armies fighting the Lamanites while Moroni returned to Zarahemla to help Pahoran regain control of the Nephite government (Alma 61:15). Later, Teancum's army became engaged in a running battle with Ammoron's army. Teancum, acting on his own, stole into the Lamanite camp after dark with the intention of killing Ammoron like he had killed Amalickiah. He succeeded in killing Ammoron, but this time he was detected and before he could escape Lamanite soldiers killed him (Alma 62:35-36). Mormon(2), himself a great military leader, captured the essence of Teancum's life in this short verse: "[F]or behold, he had been a man who had fought valiantly for his country, yea, a true friend to liberty; and he had suffered very many exceedingly sore afflictions. But behold, he was dead, and had gone the way of all the earth." (Alma 62:37).

Teomner. A Nephite commander under Captain Moroni (Alma 58:16). He helped with the recapture of the city of Manti (Alma 58:13). He commanded a small group of men that hid outside the city of Manti. When the Lamanites came out to battle Moroni's army, the group led by Teomner and a group led by Gid entered the city (Alma 58:18-23).

Timothy. Brother of Nephi(4) and one of the twelve disciples selected by the Savior (3 Nephi 19:4).

Tubaloth. A Lamanite king, and son of Ammoron (Helaman 1:16). He seemed to have the same hatred for the Nephites that his father, Ammoron, and his uncle Amalickiah, felt. Tubaloth appointed Coriantumr(1) to be commander of his army.

Zarahemla. King of the Mulekites at the time they were discovered by Mosiah(1) (Omni 1:14)

Zedekiah. King of the kingdom of Judah at the time of the Babylonian captivity (1 Nephi 1:4), and father of Mulek (Helaman 6:10).

Zeezrom. Zeezrom is one of the greatest conversion stories of the Book of Mormon and provides hope to every missionary. He is living proof that any person, touched by the Spirit of God, can change their life if they have the desire to change. The only other comparable story in the Book of Mormon is that of Alma the Younger. Zeezrom was a lawyer (Alma 10:30-31), and one of the foremost of the city of Ammonihah. Thinking to play a game of words with Alma and Amulek, he began questioning them. They surprised him by responding to the thoughts of his mind, and not to the words he had spoken to them (Alma 12:3). He realized that he had been caught trying to deceive them (Alma 12:1). It may have been that Zeezrom, who lived by deceipt, feared having his thoughts exposed more than anything else (Alma 14:6). He attempted to placate the mob by proclaiming his guilt and Alma and Amulek's innocence, but he had been too crafty in manipulating the mob. They turned on him with ferocity and cast him out of the city. Knowing the violence that the mob had used against him, he went to Sidom, with the mistaken assumption that his actions had led to Alma and Amulek's death (Alma 15:3). Overcome with guilt at his wickedness, he became physically sick with a burning fever. It was with incredible relief that he heard that Alma and Amulek had escaped from Ammonihah and were in Sidom (Alma 15:4). He called for them to come and heal him because he knew there was no other way to relieve the agony he felt (Alma 15:5). Alma questioned him to determine if he had the faith to be healed: "Believest thou in the power of Christ unto salvation?" (Alma 15:6) and Zeezrom answered with complete faith in Christ: "Yea, I believe all the words that thou hast taught." (Alma 15:7). Alma invoked the blessings of God upon Zeezrom and he was immediately healed. Alma baptized Zeezrom and from that time on he was a devoted follower of Jesus (Alma 15:12). We hear about Zeezrom one more time, as a companion to Alma in his mission to the Zoramites.

Zemnarihah. The leader of a band of Gadianton's. The Gadiantons had become so strong by this time that Lachoneus, the Nephite leader, gathered his people with all their provisions into one large community in the land of Zarahemla (3 Nephi 3:22-23). The Gadiantons were reduced to stealing food because "the robbers could not exist save it were in the wilderness, for the want of food; for the Nephites had left their lands desolate, and had gathered their flocks and their herds and all their substance, and they were in one body." (3 Nephi 4:3). Zemnarihah tried to lay seige to the Lamanites (hard to do when all the food is inside the beseiged city!). He was captured by Gidgiddoni and hung from a tree to serve as an example. After he was dead the tree was cut down as a sign of what the Lord would to the wicked (3 Nephi 4:28-29).

Zenephi. The leader of an army at the time of Mormon(2) and Moroni. It almost appears as if he might have been a rebel Nephite commander (Mormon 9:16).

Zeniff. Leader of a small group of Nephites who left at the time of King Mosiah(1) (Mosiah 7:9).

Zenock. "Zenock was a preexilic Israelite prophet whose words were found on the plates of brass, a record carried from Jerusalem to the new Promised Land in the Western Hemisphere by the Book of Mormon prophet Lehi c. 600 B.C. Zenock is not known from the Hebrew Bible or other sources and is noted in only five passages in the Book of Mormon. It is possible that he was of the lineage of Joseph of Egypt and an ancestor of the Nephites (3 Ne. 10:16)." (Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Vol.4, ZENOCK)

Zenos. "Zenos is one of four Israelite prophets of Old Testament times cited in the Book of Mormon whose writings appeared on the plates of brass but who are not mentioned in the Old Testament." (Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Vol.4, ZENOS)

Zerahemnah. A leader of the Lamanite (Alma 43:5) army during the long campaign waged by Captain Moroni after the rebellion of Amalickia. Knowing that the Amalekites and Zoramites had an extreme hatred for the Nephites, he named Amalekites and Zoramites to be the chief captains in his army (Alma 43:6). It was during the battles with Zerahemnah that Moroni equipped his men with some form of armor that protected their heads, arms, body (Alma 43:19-20). After suffering some defeats at the hand of Moroni, Zerahemnah was offered a chance to surrender without any penalty. In a face-to-face meeting with Moroni he defiantly rejected Moroni's offer. Upon having his sword returned to him prior to returning to his army,. Zerahemna rushed at Moroni and was struck down by one of Moroni's men. Zarahemnah's sword was broken and a piece of his scalp was severed. The soldier retrieved the scalp and used it to taunt the Lamanites and Zarahemnah. They began another fierce battle until finally Zerahemnah cried for mercy. Moroni stopped the battle and both sides agreed to the former terms that Moroni had offered them.

Zarahemla. Leader of the Mulekites at the time they were discovered by Mosiah(1) (Omni 1:14).

Zeram. One of the Nephites that Alma(2) sent to watch the army of the Amlicites after they had battled near the river Sidon (see Zoram(2)) (Alma 2:22).

Zoram(1). Laban's servant. He took Nephi(1) to Laban's treasury to obtain the brass plates, thinking that Nephi(1) was his master, Laban. Upon discovering the deception, he attempted to flee, but was stopped by Nephi(1). Swearing an oath to be faithful to Nephi(1) he remained that way for the remainder of his life (implied by 2 Nephi 1:30 and 2 Nephi 5:6). His willing departure from Jerusalem was later redefined by Lamanite tradition to have been a kidnapping (Alma 54:23). He married the eldest daughter of Ishmael (1 Nephi 16:7).

Zoram(2). Chief commander of the Nephite armies (Alma 16:5) during the ministry of Alma the Younger. He had two sons (Lehi and Aha) who helped him in his military duties. When Lamanite armies destroyed Ammonihah and carried off a number of captives, Zoram asked Alma to inquire of the Lord about what he should do to save the captives. Based on the revelation given to Alma, he and his sons possitioned their armies on the east side of the river Sidon in the south wilderness where they scattered the Lamanite armies and reclaimed the Nephite captives.

Source of information: Rick Owen: rlo@srv.net

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